William Morris - First Designer
The profession of designer today is popular and in demand. Specialists in this field make sure that our phones, cars, furniture and household items are not only functional, but also…

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Red and purple
Red pigment is obtained due to high iron oxide red earth. For thousands of years, a bright red dye has been extracted from cochineal: to obtain 100 grams of pigment,…

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Thinners for oil painting
Oil paints are pigments of various colors, ground to powder, which are then mixed on an oil basis in the paint of the desired consistency and density. Oil painting is…

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The “dead layer” of Flemish painting

Studying the technique of some old masters, we are faced with the so-called “Flemish method” of oil painting. This is a multi-layered, technically complex way of writing, the opposite of the “a la prima” technique. Layering suggested a special depth of image, flicker and radiance of colors. However, in the description of this method, such a mysterious stage as the “dead layer” invariably occurs. Despite the intriguing name, there is no mysticism in it.

But what was it used for?
The term “dead colors” (doodverf – nid. Death of paint) is first found in the work of Karl van Mander’s “Book of Artists”. He could call it a paint, on the one hand, literally, because of the stillness that it gives to the image, on the other hand, it is metaphorical, since this pallor seems to “die” under the subsequent color. Continue reading

Russian lacquer miniature
Fedoskino lacquer miniature. The art of lacquer miniatures appeared in ancient China several thousand years ago, then, through India and Persia, in the 17th century penetrated Europe, conquering the beauty…

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Print
Unlike many other types of art, printmaking is a fairly young phenomenon. It arose at the turn of the XIV - XV centuries. Despite the fact that the appearance of…

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The influence of color on the perception of the picture
A world of illusions conveyed in a plane, a fantasy embodied in two dimensions - this is nothing more than a picture. Whether the canvas is painted in pastel, oil…

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Choosing Pastels for Beginners
Currently, the enthusiasm for creativity is gaining momentum: there are more and more art shops, and materials are more accessible. In the article we briefly consider the types of pastels…

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