Unlike many other types of art, printmaking is a fairly young phenomenon. It arose at the turn of the XIV – XV centuries. Despite the fact that the appearance of the engraving occurred much earlier, in China, it never went beyond it.
The main impetus for the emergence and development of prints was the invention of the printing press in Germany in 1444
After the advent of printing, it became necessary to illustrate printed matter. For this purpose, an engraving was chosen. And already in the second half of the 15th century books with illustrations appeared. It was the graphics that gave man visual representations of the world until the middle of the XIX century – the emergence of photomechanics.
In various periods, one or another print technique is most actively developing. Continue reading