How to photograph pictures
I’ll make a reservation right away: high-quality photographs that can be sold must be done using professional equipment. Shooting pictures on smartphones is not recommended. Owners of film and digital cameras must always turn off the “date and time” mode before shooting.
The main stages of photography:
1. Place the picture without a frame in an upright position on any stable pedestal or stand. The canvas can be put on a table, chair or easel. The main thing is that it be clearly visible and no objects block it or cast a shadow or glare.
2. Install the camera a short distance in front of the picture on a tripod. The camera, or rather, its lens should be exactly in the center of the picture. A tripod is needed so that the apparatus does not move during shooting, since any shake of the photographer’s hands can distort the image.
3. Choose the right angle for photographing. The picture can only be shot at right angles. To do this, the camera must be directed to the canvas strictly perpendicularly. You can not photograph a picture, directing the lens at it from the side, bottom, top. The camera should be opposite the center of the canvas.
4. The best place to shoot is street. The ideal time for photographing is at noon, when the street is light enough, but the sky is slightly cloudy. Direct sunlight should not fall on either the picture or the lens of the device.
5. When photographing indoors, you need to have two sources of artificial light, which should be located on the sides of the picture, but not opposite the lens.
6. It is not allowed to use daylight and electric lighting at the same time. Mixed backlighting can cause glare in the photo, especially if the surface of the canvas is glossy, varnished.
7. The distance to the work of art should be from 1 to 5 meters. It all depends on the size of the picture. The main thing is that the photographed object fits entirely into the frame, and there is not too much free space around, as this will ultimately lead to a decrease in the final image. And so that there are no distortions, the “zoom” cannot be set to extreme points, it should be in the middle position.
8. The distance from the lighting to the picture should be 4 times the size of the subject. It is best to use not halogen, but fluorescent lamps, as they give a spectrum close to daylight.
9. When photographing the canvas you need to use the “self-timer”. In this case, the camera will take a picture after a few seconds, and this will protect the picture from distortion.
10. In order not to cause geometric distortions, it is not recommended to photograph the picture at close range. You can get closer to the canvas using the zoom function.
11. If the picture is illuminated on one side by daylight from a window, then using the large white sheet of whatman paper, you can “illuminate” that side of the canvas onto which direct light does not fall.
12. You cannot use the flash, as glare may appear on the image.
13. Opposite the picture, there should be nothing bright or shiny that could be reflected on the canvas. To avoid glare, there should not be light objects near the canvas. And artificial light should fall on the picture only at right angles.
14. If the surface of the picture is glossy so that it does not have glare from the shiny parts of the camera or tripod, they need to be draped with dark cloth, that is, throw black fabric on top, and thus take the picture.
15. Glare can be controlled using special lens attachments. They are made of polarized glass and are inexpensive.
16. The photosensitivity of the camera should be at a minimum to avoid “noise” on the footage.
17. The footage using a digital camera must be saved in the “RAW format”. This must be done in order to then do professional processing of the footage. In the “RAW-format” you will save “fresh” files that have not been processed or distorted directly from the matrix. If your camera does not have this format, then shoot in “JPEG”.
18. If there is a frame stabilization function, and the camera is on a tripod, then it should be turned off. The fact is that this function is used only if the photograph is taken without a tripod in order to avoid distortion in the frame from the slightest vibration.
19. Small drawings, watercolors or graphic works can not be photographed, but simply scanned.
Following this simple instruction, you can take pictures of yourself. But in order to post photographs on the Internet or sell them, photographs must be adjusted in a special editor, “Adobe Photoshop”.