The essence of Matisse painting
They say that the whole world is a canvas on which we all write. And revolutionaries are those who always write in broad strokes, without paying any attention to those who seek to limit them.
The revolutionary artist uses new color combinations, new styles, but does not lose respect for the basics, and ultimately brings a new sound to all areas of art. Such an artist was Henri Matisse: not just a painter, but a man who generously splashed paints on the whole world of art. Matisse was an innovator, full of ideas, but also actively rethinking the past. His ideas are still reflected in the works of new and new creators. We can say that for many he opened the door to the world of art.
Henri Matisse opened his piggy bank with ideas and showed them to the world at the turn of two centuries, at the time of the flourishing of Art Nouveau. The era of modernism sought to admire the object, to equate them with art, in contrast to the past, when the artist turned the object into art using his talent. Artists began to look for new approaches, try new styles of the image. Matisse also took his own position, becoming, in fact, the forerunner of the “Modern Revolution.” He led a team of artists such as Marriage, Derain and others, united by similar views on art, and showed the world Fauvism.
Fauvism became one of the first modern trends.
The Fauvists perceived the object as a pure form, discarding any hints of the outline. They refused to mix colors and painted with clean factory paints. This innovation literally blew up the art world. This approach was shocking for the public, accustomed to believing that the paintings have been painted for years and contain many small details.
All these were Matisse’s ideas: he believed that color was valuable and organic in itself. He once said: “When I write in green, I do not write grass, and when I write in blue, I do not write sky,” implying that the color can be located anywhere.
In 1908, Matisse opened an art school in Paris. He taught his students to draw “innocently” – just like little children draw. To paint “innocently” meant to convey the first impression of one glance at the object. This was indeed revolutionary, since Matisse found a path to pure art.
Despite all his innovations, Henri Matisse always with deep respect for the traditions of painting, and used in the work many of the achievements of the masters who worked before him. He took the “old” styles and techniques and simply inscribed them in his own world. He used the painting techniques of Cezanne, Manet and others, but always did it his own way. He made the great finds of others work for himself, with a locomotive to pull his ideas forward.
At the same time, Matisse’s manner of applying paint to the canvas had a huge impact on other artists. Particularly noteworthy was his smear. It was he, this brushstroke, who overturned the idea of painting. He constantly varied the density of application, the paper here and there shone through the paint, and the color in the picture seemed to “breathe”. This application was a step forward, and not only for Matisse himself, but also for many young artists. This approach for many was like a breath of fresh air, and many enthusiastically picked it up.
Matisse’s ideas, nurtured on simplicity and identity, nourish art today.
Two of his most powerful works (“Window” and “Pink Marble Table”), depicting home decoration, were painted during the war. Artists at that time were full of emotions that splashed onto the canvas, while Matisse simply wrote what he saw, not paying any attention to what was happening outside the window. He seemed to disconnect himself, his perception, his art from society. This is precisely the key principle of modernism: not to express emotions, to be detached and to chant an object within a sheet.
Among other things, Matisse tirelessly invented new forms of art. The most famous of his inventions was decoupage, with the help of which the picture “Blue Nude” was created. The process of creation, he called “drawing with scissors.” In this work, his ability to work with geometric shapes and simplify reached a new level.
Matisse influenced many masters, especially the Cubists, and in particular Picasso. Current contemporary art is based on the simplicity discovered by Matisse. In our time, everything that is called modern art bears the influence of Matisse, even when the artist did not even think about it.
Did Henri Matisse influence you?