Andrew World Part 1
Andrew Wyeth is simultaneously one of the most popular and most attacked artists in American art. Because of his retreat, he was like a thorn in the eye of a…

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5 tips from successful illustrators
1. Quality Above All “You will not find a good job until you become better than those who already do it.” Winona Nelson. Many young illustrators wonder why no one…

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Where to sell paintings: tips for a novice artist. Part 1
So, you are an aspiring artist and decided to monetize your talent. But your work is not yet familiar to either collectors or the general public, so cooperation with large…

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How are watercolor paints made?

The beginning of the way
According to Felix Scheinberger, the author of Watercolor Sketching, the paint begins with pigment, a powder concentrate that determines its color. Pigments are vegetable, mineral, containing metals or their oxides. Dyes are mixed from hundreds of organic and inorganic substances that are initially in powder form. To become a paint, a pigment needs a binder, which holds all the components and fixes them on paper after drying.

In the Middle Ages, pigments were mixed with egg yolk to obtain tempera.In the Renaissance, boiled linseed oil was used to create oil paint.

Watercolor paints are made from gum arabic – gum, or viscous wood sap of small spiny acacia trees growing in Sudan. The ancient Egyptians used gum arabic for mummification, and the Chinese added to ink for writing.

To make a binder for paint, acacia bark is cut from top to bottom. The emerging milky juice is collected, dried, and then crushed into powder, and then pigment is added.

 

Today, watercolor is done in much the same way as a thousand years ago, since a synthetic analogue to gum arabic has not yet been found. It is transparent and reflects light, which improves color quality. The dried gum arabic is water soluble and, in addition, non-toxic. However, the adventure does not end there, because the history of the production of primary colors is no less interesting.

Yellow and orange
For many centuries, yellow pigments have been made from toxic arsenic, cadmium or chromium. Non-toxic alternatives (such as saffron obtained from pollen from crocus) were very expensive. Moreover, only snow-white (and therefore the most valuable) fabrics could be stained yellow, otherwise the brightness of the color was lost. Therefore, in ancient China, only the emperor and the higher clergy were allowed to wear yellow robes, which were then dyed with saffron.

 

 

The history of the orange pigment goes back to the 1st century AD. A fire broke out in the Athenian harbor, in which barrels of lead white were damaged. When the fire was extinguished, local authorities came to assess the damage and were struck by the change in color of the white: they turned red-orange. The dye became known as lead minium. Beauties and gladiators tinted their faces, and painted walls and painted miniatures for books. Unfortunately, it turned out that this dye is poisonous, and in the XX century it disappeared from sets of paints.

Orange has long been considered not a single color, but a transitional one. Depending on the saturation, it was called a shade of yellow or red. He received the status of a separate color already in the modern world thanks to paintings by Van Gogh and Edward Munch.

Andrew World Part 2
A small proportion of critics sometimes made attempts to "reconcile" Wyeth with the "main wave" of modernism. From time to time, disputes arose about the fact that in his works…

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Sanguine, sauce, charcoal: soft materials in a graphic pattern.
Graphic drawing is associated primarily with detailed pencil sketches and portraits, clear ink illustrations and capillary pens. Soft, bulk materials often remain forgotten at the end of the basics of…

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Modular paintings: what's the big deal?
Modular panels have become very popular in recent years. But this is not a new invention at all. Moreover, modular art has been around for centuries. The modular picture consists…

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The intricacies of acrylic work for a novice artist
In the artistic environment, more and more brush masters are trying to work with acrylic paints. Like oil or watercolor, acrylic has its own properties, and therefore a slightly different…

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