8 important principles of oil painting
Oil paints are responsive and versatile. But mastering is not as difficult as it might seem at first. The correct use of the color and texture of the oil allows you to embody ideas exactly the way you want. Consider several important principles of oil painting that will help you write better.
No. 1: Wet paint tends to “stain” white.
Wait for the applied layer to dry – for a long time. In the case of titanium, the use of quick-drying whitewash, for example, from Winsor & Newton, will help to avoid hitch in the wave of inspiration. But such a paint is denser than ordinary whitewash, so it will need to be diluted with a tee or just a solvent.
No. 2: For drawing fine lines.
You can use the edge of a plastic card or acrylic paint over dried oil.
No. 3: Pre-tinted canvas with burnt sienna or other colors is useful for many reasons:
With a white background, it’s more difficult to judge volumes.
On the open air, a white primer can dazzle.
During spontaneous and quick work, it is difficult to paint the entire canvas. Therefore, on the finished work, white areas appear.
The paint has a certain transparency, so the color of the preliminary tinting can affect the feeling of the finished work.
Creating effects, for example, fallen leaves, will be less monotonous.
No. 4: Oil allows you to apply a thick layer of paint.
Unlike watercolors or pastels, oil allows you to apply a thick layer of paint, simulating the volume. Impasto in the foreground, along with a gradual decrease in thickness, will create an expressive texture of protruding stones, tree trunks or sections of foliage.
No. 5: Features of working with a dry brush.
A dry brush will help to create many textures and effects due to gaps in strokes. Short strokes form expressive foliage or foam on the water, and smooth lines form a tree bark.
No. 6: Create a soft color transition.
Returning to the already dried work, you can apply a thin layer of tee. It will soften the upper part of the paint, which will help to create soft transitions without mixing the paint.
No. 7: Mixing colors.
Pure colors are boring, so it’s best to mix them. A few light variations of one tone are better than a monotonous section. You can achieve tonal diversity within the stroke if you do not completely mix the selected colors on the palette.
No. 8: Create effects.
Partial transparency of zinc oxide is useful in creating a number of effects: air perspective, fine water dust or mountain haze.