Fedoskino lacquer miniature.
The art of lacquer miniatures appeared in ancient China several thousand years ago, then, through India and Persia, in the 17th century penetrated Europe, conquering the beauty of French and German masters. The first production of products decorated with varnishes was opened in Germany in 1763.
Wealthy fashionistas from all over Europe sought to get an exquisite box or snuffbox with a gallant scene or fancy Rococo patterns. From Russia orders were received for caskets with portraits of the great monarchs. However, I also wanted to have such a production in myself, fortunately, the craftsmen always had Russian land full, and under their power they could do better abroad. Continue reading
Unlike many other types of art, printmaking is a fairly young phenomenon. It arose at the turn of the XIV – XV centuries. Despite the fact that the appearance of the engraving occurred much earlier, in China, it never went beyond it.
The main impetus for the emergence and development of prints was the invention of the printing press in Germany in 1444
After the advent of printing, it became necessary to illustrate printed matter. For this purpose, an engraving was chosen. And already in the second half of the 15th century books with illustrations appeared. It was the graphics that gave man visual representations of the world until the middle of the XIX century – the emergence of photomechanics.
In various periods, one or another print technique is most actively developing. Continue reading
The profession of designer today is popular and in demand. Specialists in this field make sure that our phones, cars, furniture and household items are not only functional, but also aesthetically pleasing. This is because a person is attracted by the craving for the beautiful, the lack of which is especially felt in everyday life from the beginning of the “conveyor era”. The British pre-Raphaelite artist William Morris, the first designer in history, sought to fill everyday life with beauty and restore a sense of harmony with nature, from which people were so distant.
The basis of Morris’s aesthetic views was the ideas of the famous art critic John Ruskin, who believed that the subject environment of a society testifies to its moral state, and beauty manifests itself in fidelity to nature. Continue reading